CAD Daily News 📰 Analysis Prelims 2021

CAD 20th Nov 2020

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Current Affairs 📰 Daily (CAD)

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“If life were predictable it would cease to be life, and be without flavor.”

Eleanor Roosevelt

Booker Prize 2020

Prize Snapshot
  • Literature Prize
  • Yearly (for the same year )
  • For Original Novel
  • Written in English
  • Published in UK OR Ireland

News 📰

  • The Booker Prize of the 2020 has been announced and the coveted honor has been bestowed on Douglas Stuart’s Shuggie Bain.

In Brief : About the Booker Prize

  • The prize was originally established in 1969 as the Booker–McConnell Prize (1969 – 2001), later commonly known as Booker Prize (2002 onwards).
  • The Man Booker Prize awards any novel originally written in English and published in the UK and Ireland in the year of the prize, regardless of the nationality of their author.
  • The novel must be an original work in English (not a translation)
  • It must be published by a registered UK or Irish imprint; self-published novels are not eligible.
  • Prize Money: The winner receives £50,000 as well as the £2,500 awarded to each of the shortlisted authors.
  • Organizations involved:
    • Man Group: Man Group is an active investment management firm founded in 1783. It has sponsored the Man Booker Prize since 2002
    • The Booker Prize Foundation: It is a registered charity established in 2002. Since then it has been responsible for the award of the Man Booker Prize for Fiction, and for the Man Booker International Prize since its inauguration in 2005.
Some Notable Booker Prize Winner 🥇
Prize Year Winner 🥇 For Novel 📖 Remarks
2020Douglas StuartShuggie Bain Its Douglas, debut novel
2019Margaret Atwood
&
Bernardine Evaristo
The Testaments
&
Girl, Women & Other
First time award was given Jointly since its inception in 1969.
Margaret Atwood also wins 2000 Booker prize for “The Blind Assassin
M Atwood is only the fourth writer to have won this prize twice.
At 79, she is also the oldest writer to win it
1997Arundhati RoyThe God of Small Things First Author from India.
1970Bernice Rubens The Elected Member First Women to be awarded
1969P H NewbySomething to Answer for First Booker Prize Winner

3rd Global RE INVEST 2020

News 📰

  • PM will inaugurate the virtual 3rd Global Renewable Energy Investment Meeting and Expo (RE-INVEST 2020), on 26 November 2020.

In Brief

  • It will be held under the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
  • This is the 3rd Addition of RE INVEST, first two editions held in 2015 and 2018 respectively.
  • The summits provided an international forum for investment promotion in renewable energy.

Objective- RE-INVEST 2020 aims to accelerate the worldwide effort to scale up development and deployment of renewable energy. 

Importance of the Event
  • In India during the last 6 years, over Rs 4.7 lakh crore were invested and India has become a favored destination for investment in renewables.
  • It would facilitate collaboration and cooperation with key stakeholders in India.
  • Today India has emerged as one of the world’s largest renewable energy markets .
Do You Know ??

Theme for 2020 RE INVEST is Innovations for Sustainable Energy Transition

Integrated Reads
  • PM Kusum Scheme
  • India’s RE targets
  • International Solar Alliance

Safai Miktra Surkasha Challenge

Do You Know ??

Swachh Bharat Mission, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, or Clean India Mission is a country-wide campaign initiated by the Government of India in 2014 to eliminate open defecation and improve solid waste management. Swachh Bharat Mission Phase I was ended in 2019 & II phase is currently underway for the year 2020-21 to 2024-25

Integrated Current Affairs Reads –

News 📰

  • Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri launched Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge across 243 Cities to ensure that no life of any sewer or septic tank cleaner is ever lost again owing to the issue of ‘hazardous cleaning’.

In Brief

  • The Challenge, launched on the occasion of World Toilet Day, is aimed at preventing ‘hazardous cleaning’ of sewers and septic tanks and promote their mechanized cleaning.
  • Representatives from 243 cities across the country took a pledge to mechanize all sewer and septic tank cleaning operations by 30th April 2021.
  • The initiative is in line with PM Modi’s vision, who has always placed the safety and dignity of sanitation workers at the core of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U)
  • The actual on-ground assessment of participating cities will be conducted in May 2021 by an independent agency and results of the same will be declared on 15 August 2021.
  • Cities will be awarded in three sub-categories – with population of more than 10 lakhs, 3-10 lakhs and upto 3 lakhs, with a total prize money of ₹52 crores to be given to winning cities across all categories.

World Toilet Day topic was covered here

Related Laws/Legislation –
  • The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act (2013) and various judgements of Hon’ble Supreme Court expressly prohibit hazardous cleaning, i.e. manual entry into a septic tank or sewer without protective gear and observing operating procedures.

India & Luxembourg : IR

News 📰

  • 3 Agreements signed by India & Luxemburg

In Brief

  • The diplomatic relations between India and Luxembourg were established in 1948.
  • Luxemburg, opens its embassy in Delhi in 2002.
  • Luxembourg is the third-largest source of Foreign Portfolio Investments (FPI).

The agreements are:

  1. MoU between India International Exchange (India INX) and Luxembourg Stock Exchange
  2. MoU between State Bank of India and Luxembourg Stock Exchange
  3. MoU between Invest India and Luxinnovation

The Luxembourg Prime Minister conveyed the intention of Luxembourg to join the International Solar Alliance.

Do You Know ??

Luxembourg is a founding member of the EU.


Willow Warbler

Do You Know ??
Phylloscopus trochilus Range Map.png
Usual Habitat – Yellow – Summer breeding | Blue – Winter , Migration pattern

News 📰

  • The migratory bird, from northern and temperate Europe, has not been seen in India before & now spotted for the first time in Thiruvanathapuram.

In Brief

  • The willow warbler, one of the longest migrating small birds, seen in Kerala.
  • Migration occurs mainly during the night, and this species usually covers around 100 kilometres a day.
  • It migrates during the non-breeding season to winter in sub-Saharan Africa
  • IUCN status
    • Least Concern
IUCN Red List category abbreviations (version 3.1, 2001)

World Children’s Day

News 📰

  • World Children’s Day being observed on 20th November.

In Brief

  • World Children’s Day is UNICEF’s annual day of action for children, by children.
  • World Children’s Day was first established in 1954 as Universal Children’s Day and is celebrated on 20 November each year to promote international togetherness, awareness among children worldwide, and improving children’s welfare.
  • November 20th is an important date as it is the date in 1959 when the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. It is also the date in 1989 when the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Since 1990, World Children’s Day also marks the anniversary of the date that the UN General Assembly adopted both the Declaration and the Convention on children’s rights.
Do You Know ??

Children Day is observed on 14th November.


Related Day Observance
  • World Day Against Child Labour- 12 June
  • International Youth Day – 12 August
  • International Day of Girl Child – 11 October


Guillain Barre Syndrome

Do You Know ??

An autoimmune disease is a condition in which your immune system mistakenly attacks your body. The immune system normally guards against germs like bacteria and viruses. When it senses these foreign invaders, it sends out an army of fighter cells to attack them.

News 📰

  • Some patients infected with Covid-19 have been found suffering from Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS).

In Brief

  • In focus : GBS
    • It is a very rare autoimmune disorder in which the patient’s immune system attacks nerves.
    • The exact cause of Guillain-Barre syndrome is unknown, but as per the World Health Organisation (WHO), GBS is often preceded by an infection. This could be a bacterial or viral infection. It may also be triggered by vaccine administration or surgery.

Treatment:

  • Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG).
  • Plasma therapy.

Office of Profit

News 📰

  • The Joint Parliamentary Committee on Office of Profit deliberated on whether an MP can continue to teach at a university and if this draws the provisions of “Office of Profit” rules.

In Brief

  • Under Article 102 (1) and Article 191 (1) of the Constitution, an MP or an MLA (or an MLC) is barred from holding any office of profit under the Central or State government.
  • Holding an office of profit under the government by these members is subjected to grounds of disqualification.
  • Concept was evolved in England
  • Four broad principles have evolved for determining whether an office attracts
    • Govt control over appointment
    • Remuneration
    • Govt power
    • Influence by way of patronage
Do You Know ??

The term office of profit has not been defined in the Constitution.


Other Reads –

Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System Project

Do You Know ??

For the project financer are – New Development Bank, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Asian Development Bank, Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction etc.

News 📰

  • The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, National Capital Region Transport Corporation Limited (NCRTC) and the New Development Bank (NDB) signed a loan agreement for lending 500 million dollars for the ‘Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System Project’.

In Brief

  • It is an 82.15 km long, under-construction, semi-high speed rail corridor connecting Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut.
  • The Rapid Transit System will provide a fast, reliable, safe and comfortable public transport system in the National Capital Region.
  • Due to lack of efficient public transport options, the number of private vehicles in NCR has increased. It can take about 3 to 4 hours to travel between Delhi and Meerut in Uttar Pradesh by road during peak hours. Rapid growth in vehicular traffic has made NCR one of the most polluted regions in the world.

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