Prelims 2021 Prelims cum Mains

India to chair key ILO forum after 35 years

In News:

  • India has taken up the Chairmanship of Governing Body of International Labour Organisation (ILO).

About: International Labour Organization (ILO)

  • ILO was established in 1919,as part of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I. It was intended to reflect the belief that universal and lasting peace can be accomplished only if it is based on social justice.
  • India is a founder member of ILO.
  • The ILO became the first specialized agency of the UN in 1946.
  • It is the only tripartite U.N. agency, bringing together governments, employers and workers.
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • ILO’s mandate of social justice as the basis for peace is expressed today as Decent Work for all.
  • Functions: It sets international labour standards, develops policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men and improving working conditions and social rights of all employees.
  • Nobel Prize:In 1969 , for promoting reforms that strengthen the cause of peace by reducing social injustice.
  • The ILO registers complaints but does not impose sanctions on governments for violating international rules.

Organisation:

  • As of October 2020, the ILO has 187 members.
  • The International labour Conference sets the International labour standards and the broad policies of the ILO. It meets annually in Geneva.
  • The Governing body is the executive council of the ILO. It meets three times a year in Geneva.
  • The International Labour Office is the permanent secretariat of the International Labour Organization.

Aim:

  • To promote rights at work
  • Encourage decent employment opportunities
  • Enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue on work-related issues.

Objectives:

  • Set and promote standards and fundamental principles and rights at work
  • Create greater opportunities for women and men to decent employment and income
  • Enhance the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all
  • Strengthen tripartism and social dialogue

Reports:

  • The World Employment and Social Outlook (WESO) is the ILO’s flagship report on world of work issues, focusing on a different theme each year.
  • Its ‘Global Wage Report’ analyses the latest wage statistics and provides insights on wage policies based on research projects carried out by the ILO.
  • ILO’s ‘World Social Protection Report’ takes a comprehensive look at how countries are investing in social security, how they are financing it, and how effective their approaches are.
  • A report on the ‘Future of Work’ was released in 2019 in Geneva to mark 100 years of the International Labour Organisation (ILO).

News Summary:

  • India’s Union Labour Secretary Apurva Chandra has been elected as the Chairperson of the Governing Body of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) for the period October 2020-June 2021.
  • The Governing Body (GB) is the apex executive council of the ILO.
    • It meets three times a year in Geneva, Switzerland.
    • It takes decisions on ILO policy, decides the agenda of the International Labour Conference, adopts the draft programme and budget of the organisation for submission to the conference, and elects the Director-General.
  • India assumed the Chairmanship of GB after 35 years.
  • The office will also provide a platform for India to appraise participants of the transformational initiatives taken by government in removing the rigidities of labour market, besides making its intention clear about universalisation of social security to all workers whether in organised or unorganised sector.

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