Polity & Governance Prelims cum Mains

In MGNREGA plan, govt focus on water conservation

Context of the topic:

  • The Ministry of Rural Development has asked states to focus on works related to water conservation while preparing the MGNREGA labour budget for the 2020-21 financial year.
    • There should be special focus on water harvesting and water conservation, including river rejuvenation.

In News

  • The government will focus on work related to natural resource management, particularly water conservation and river rejuvenation under the MGNREGA scheme.
  • The government has a target to provide tapwater connections to all rural households by 2024 and would be focusing on source sustainability through river rejuvenation and water harvesting works.
  • Water conservation works will be taken up in the convergence with central government-funded schemes such as:
    • Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
    • Integrated Watershed Management Programme
  • Other works to taken up under MGNREGA would be related to solid liquid waste management and upgradation of Grameen Haats (village markets).

About: Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Mission – Ensure HarGharJal ΰ€Ήΰ€°ΰ€˜ΰ€°ΰ€œΰ€²β€“ (piped water supply) to all rural households by 2024.
  • Vision – It will offer 43-55 litre of water per person per day.
  • Objective – Sustainable water supply management across the country.
  • It focuses on integrated demand and supply side management of water at the local level, including:
    • Creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability like rainwater harvesting,
    • Groundwater recharge, and
    • Management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
  • Implementation Agency – The mission is under the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
  • Coverage – Identified 1592 Blocks, which are critical and over exploited, spread across 256 Districts for the Jal Shakti Abhiyan.
  • Funding – A dedicated fund called Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh will be set up.

About: Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

  • The scheme was launched in 2015 to provide end-to-end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.
  • Vision –
    • Extending the coverage of irrigation β€˜Har Khet ko pani’
    • Improving water use efficiency β€˜More crop per drop’
  • PMKSY integrates three on-going schemes. These are:
    • Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD&GR),
    • Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR), and
    • On Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
  • Key objectives of PMKSY are:
    • Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level,
    • Expand cultivable area under assured irrigation,
    • Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water,
    • Enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop),
    • Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture, and
    • Attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.
  • Implementing Agency – Ministries of Agriculture, Water Resources and Rural Development
    • Ministry of Rural Development is to undertake rainwater conservation, construction of farm pond, water harvesting structures, small check dams and contour bunding etc.
    • MoWR, RD &GR, is to undertake various measures for creation of assured irrigation source, construction of diversion canals, field channels, water diversion/lift irrigation, including development of water distribution systems.
    • Ministry of Agriculture will promote efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm β€œ(Jal Sinchan)”, construction of micro-irrigation structures to supplement source creation.

About: Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)

  • Objective – restore ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing degraded natural resources such as soil, vegetative cover and water.
  • Implementing Agency – Department of Land Resources of Ministry of Rural Development.
  • IWMP integrates the schemes of:
    • Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP)
    • Desert Development Programme (DDP)
    • Integrated Waterland Development Programme (IWDP)

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