Context of the topic:
- The Ministry of Rural Development has asked states to focus on works
related to water conservation while preparing the MGNREGA labour budget
for the 2020-21 financial year.
- There should be special focus on water harvesting and water conservation, including river rejuvenation.
- The government will focus on work related to natural resource management, particularly water conservation and river rejuvenation under the MGNREGA scheme.
- The government has a target to provide tapwater connections to all rural households by 2024 and would be focusing on source sustainability through river rejuvenation and water harvesting works.
- Water conservation works will be taken up in the convergence with central government-funded schemes such as:
- Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
- Integrated Watershed Management Programme
- Other works to taken up under MGNREGA would be related to solid liquid waste management and upgradation of Grameen Haats (village markets).
About: Jal Jeevan Mission
- Mission – Ensure HarGharJal हरघरजल– (piped water supply) to all rural households by 2024.
- Vision – It will offer 43-55 litre of water per person per day.
- Objective – Sustainable water supply management across the country.
- It focuses on integrated demand and supply side management of water at the local level, including:
- Creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability like rainwater harvesting,
- Groundwater recharge, and
- Management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
- Implementation Agency – The mission is under the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
- Coverage – Identified 1592 Blocks, which are critical and over exploited, spread across 256 Districts for the Jal Shakti Abhiyan.
- Funding – A dedicated fund called Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh will be set up.
About: Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)
- The scheme was launched in 2015 to provide end-to-end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.
- Vision –
- Extending the coverage of irrigation ‘Har Khet ko pani’
- Improving water use efficiency ‘More crop per drop’
- PMKSY integrates three on-going schemes. These are:
- Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD&GR),
- Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR), and
- On Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
- Key objectives of PMKSY are:
- Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level,
- Expand cultivable area under assured irrigation,
- Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water,
- Enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop),
- Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture, and
- Attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.
- Implementing Agency – Ministries of Agriculture, Water Resources and Rural Development
- Ministry of Rural Development is to undertake rainwater conservation, construction of farm pond, water harvesting structures, small check dams and contour bunding etc.
- MoWR, RD &GR, is to undertake various measures for creation of assured irrigation source, construction of diversion canals, field channels, water diversion/lift irrigation, including development of water distribution systems.
- Ministry of Agriculture will promote efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm “(Jal Sinchan)”, construction of micro-irrigation structures to supplement source creation.
About: Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)
- Objective – restore ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing degraded natural resources such as soil, vegetative cover and water.
- Implementing Agency – Department of Land Resources of Ministry of Rural Development.
- IWMP integrates the schemes of:
- Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP)
- Desert Development Programme (DDP)
- Integrated Waterland Development Programme (IWDP)