Prelims cum Mains

Open Defecation Free (ODF)

On the occasion of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that rural India and its villages have declared themselves open-defecation free (ODF).


  • According to him, In 60 months, more than 60 crore people were provided with 11 crore toilets.

  • Citing a UNICEF estimate, PM Modi said that “there is a positive impact, worth Rs 20 lakh crore, on the Indian economy due to the Swachh Bharat campaign. It has created opportunities of 75 lakh jobs out of which a majority have been availed by the rural population”.

  • He also announced a second campaign aimed at eliminating single-use plastic by 2022. 

In Depth :

Swacch Bharat Mission- Gramin (SBM-G)?

  • Swacch Bharat Mission- Gramin (SBM-G) was launched on October 2, 2014 with an aim to achieve universal sanitation coverage, improve cleanliness, and eliminate open defecation in the country by October 2, 2019.
  • Under SBM-G, a village is ODF when: (i) there are no visible faeces in the village, and (ii) every household as well as public/community institution uses safe technology options for faecal disposal.
  • After a village declares itself ODF, states are required to carry out verification of the ODF status of such a village. This includes access to a toilet facility and its usage, and safe disposal of faecal matter through septic tanks. 

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