Prelims cum Mains Security Issues

5.4L police posts vacant in India, 1.3L in UP alone

In News:

  • As many as 5.43 lakh police posts were vacant across the country as on January 1, 2018.

News Summary:

  • The Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD) has released the latest data compiled on vacancies in police organisations.
  • Of the sanctioned strength of 24.84 lakh police personnel across all states and UTs as on January 1, 2018, only 19.41 lakh posts were occupied.
  • This means there are 5.43 lakh vacancies in police posts all over India at the start of 2018.
  • The large number of vacancies can be attributed to recruitment delays, retirement and untimely deaths.

Lagging states:

  • As per the latest BPRD report regarding data on police organisations, the states with a high shortage of police personnel included UP, Bihar, Bengal, Telangana and Maharashtra.
  • UP, despite having a sanctioned 4.14 lakh posts in its police, only had 2.85 lakh personnel in service, leaving nearly 1.29 lakh posts vacant.

Nagaland overstaffed:

  • Interestingly, Nagaland police is the only force in the country which is overstaffed as it has 941 more personnel than its sanctioned strength of 21,292 posts.


Short staffing of Police in India:

  • Inefficiency in policing in India is mostly driven by a lack of resources.
  • With only about 1.9 million police personnel employed, there are only 144 police officers for every 100,000 citizens (the commonly used measure of police strength) in India.
  • India’s police-to-population ratio lags behind most countries and the United Nations-recommended ratio of 222.
  • This makes India’s police force one of the weakest in the world.

Bureau of Police Research and Development:

  • The Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) was formally established 1970 under the Ministry of Home Affairs giving a new orientation to then existing Police Research and Advisory Council (1966).
  • With the primary objective of modernization of police force, it was tasked to:
    • To take direct and active interest in the police issues
    • To promote a speedy and systematic study of the police needs and problems
    • To apply science and technology in the methods and techniques used by police
  • Over the years, the BPR&D has also been entrusted with the responsibility of monitoring the training needs and quality of training in the States and Central Police Organisations, and providing assistance for the same.
  • It also assists the States in modernization of the State Police Forces and Correctional Administration.


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