Prelims cum Mains Social Issues

National Mission On Natural Language Translation Soon

In News:

  • The Ministry of Electronics and IT will soon place before the Union Cabinet a ₹450 crore proposal for Natural Language Translation.
  • The national mission on natural language translation aims to make science and technology accessible to all by facilitating access to teaching and researching material bilingually — in English and in one’s native Indian language.
  • National Language Translation is one of the key missions identified by the Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC).


  • Multilingualism is the way of life in India as people in different parts of the country speak more than one language from their birth and learns additional languages during their life time.

  • There are 22 Officially recognised languages in India, while the peoples Linguistic Survey of India has identified 780 languages, of which 50 are extinct in past five decades.
  • The problem in relation to language comes to the forefront for, all the states do not agree to accept Hindi as national language. The southern states particularly don’t want to accept Hindi as the link language.
  • Though English is considered as a bridge language, however data shows that it is still an elite privilege.
  • To make  opportunities  and  progress  science  and  technology  accessible  to  all,  this  mission aims to remove the barrier that the requirement of high-level of facility in English poses today.

  • It is planned to set up an eco-system which involves, central and state-government agencies and start-ups who will work with scientists and build implementable solutions.

Agencies Involved

  • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
  • Ministry of Human Resource Development
  • Department of Science and Technology


  • It will help in the formation of an inclusive knowledge society.
  • It will promote equal distribution of knowledge by facilitating translation of seminal texts from one language to another, which in turn will equip students who find it difficult to access knowledge because of a language barrier.
  • It will also benefit a large number of people cutting across various walks of life like , teachers, authors, publishers, translation software developers and general readers.
  • Translation activities can also help generate employment for educated unemployed.

AboutPrime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC)

  • The Prime Minister’s Office has set up the Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC), headed by principal scientific advisor to the Government of India, K. VijayRaghavan.
  • The PM-STIAC is an overarching body that identifies challenges in certain areas of science, technology, and innovation. It then creates a road map to deal with these challenges and presents the recommendations to the Prime Minister.
  • It replaced earlier Scientific Advisory Committee to Prime Minister and to Cabinet.
  • The PM-STIAC has resulted in the formulation of nine different technology missions. Each mission will be led by a Ministry lead and will engage international and national institutional partners, young scientists and industry partners.The nine missions includes:
    1. National Language Translation
    2. Electric Vehicles
    3. Artificial Intelligence
    4. National Biodiversity Mission
    5. Quantum Frontier
    6. BioScience for Human Health
    7. Waste to Wealth
    8. Deep Ocean Exploration
    9. AGNii

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