- The latest data from Haryana government show state’s sex ratio at birth of 929 girls per 1000 boys in April 2019.
- This is a significant rise from the abysmally low ratio sex ratio of 830 girls per 1,000 boys in the 2011 Census.
- Earlier state records show an annual SRB of 914 girls in 2017 and 924 girls per 1000 boys in 2018.
Note: Haryana was also awarded Nari Shakti Puraskar at Rashtrapati Bhawan in 2016 by the Union Government in recognition of success in improving female sex ratio at birth.
Measures taken by Haryana Government to improve sex ratio:
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) programme :
- It was launched in 2015 with the objective to prevent gender biased sex selective elimination, ensure survival, education &empowerment of the girl
- A multi-sectoral strategy has been adopted to implement BBBP, comprising of:
- a nation-wide awareness and advocacy campaign targeted at changing mindsets,
- focused community outreach through local innovative interventions;
- enforcement of Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act
- encouraging girl’s education through girl friendly infrastructure in schools and
- effective implementation of the Right to Education.
Following initiatives have also been undertaken by State Govt. under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Programme:-
- Legal Action:
- State Government has initiated a campaign to control and check violation of PNDT Act and MTP
- Timely legal actions against those practising female infanticide helped improve Child Sex Ratio in Haryana.
- Social Activism:
- The State Government has taken various steps to bring all communities, social organizations& non-government organization on a common platform for successful implementation of the These includes activities including:
- Awareness rallies
- Celebrations of birth of girl child
- Activities such as Nukkad Nataks/ folk art
- Guddi-Guddi boards have been put up in the over 1 lakh anganwadis where the update on all births on a monthly and yearly basis in every village and district is provided.
Note: In May 2019, state government has recommended putting up these boards in gram panchayats and public places to exhibit number of girls born vis-a-vis number of boys and create opportunities for discussion and debate around importance of girls.
- Film Shows
- Prabhat Pheries
- Puppet Shows
- Signature Campaigns
- Health Camps /Baby Shows were organized.
- Kua Pujan and Thali Bajao are traditional ceremonies for celebrating birth of boy. But in Haryana these age old ceremonies is now being also observed on the birth of girl child also to bring the spirit of equality in society.
- Haryana Diwas celebrated as Beti Diwas on 1st November.
- Preparation of Directories of Pregnant Women and SMS sent to pregnant women on health and nutrition issues.
Aapki Beti Hamari Beti Scheme
- It was launched in 2015.
- The existing Ladli Scheme was subsumed into this scheme.
- Under the scheme all scheduled caste and below poverty line (BPL) families whose first girl child is born on or after 22nd January 2015 shall be eligible to receive Rs. 21000 (One Time),
- All families whose second girl child is born on or after 22nd January 2015, will receive 21000/-(One Time) irrespective of their caste, creed, religion, income and number of sons.
- This amount will be invested in group scheme Aapki Beti Hamari Beti of Life Insurance Corporation of India and the matured amount of approximately Rs. 1,00,000/- will be given to the girl after completing the age of 18 years provided, she should be unmarried at that time.
Haryana Kanya Kosh
- Haryana Kanya Kosh has been announced by the Chief Minister of Haryana in 2015 on the launch of BBBP programme .
- The Kosh is utilized to provide funds and other inputs for Apki Beti Humari Beti scheme for the welfare of the girl child and for any otherinitiative for the welfare and development of the girls/women
- It aims to generate an environment in which the girls are provided with the equal opportunities for their growth and
Sukanya Smaruddhi Account
- It was launched in 2015 with the objective to address gender imbalance in the society and discrimination by creating a positive behaviour in favour of the girl child.
- Account can be opened from the birth of the girl child till she attains the age of 10.
- Account can be opened by an amount of Rs.1000/- and in a financial year investment ceiling is Rs 1,50,000/.