- The Indian Navy is inducting the indigenously developed heavyweight torpedo “Varunastra” into its arsenal.
- Torpedo is a self-propelled underwater missile, launched from a submarine, surface vessel etc. and designed for exploding upon contact with the hulls of surface vessels and submarines.
- Torpedoes are a submarine’s principal weapons systems for attacking and defending against enemy attack submarines and surface warships.
- A torpedo has a propulsion system, a guidance system and some sort of explosive device.
- Modern torpedoes contain intricate devices to control its depth and direction according to a preset plan or in response to signals received from an outside source, as well as a explosive-filled warhead.
- Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), a defence PSU, has signed a contract worth nearly Rs 1,200 crore for manufacture and supply of Heavy Weight Torpedoes – Varunastra – to the Indian Navy.
- Varunastra, considered to be 95% indigenous, has been developed by the Naval Science and Technology Laboratory (NTSL), a premier laboratory of DRDO.
- Since 2016, the Indian Navy has been testing it, and has now taken a decision to order production.
- The induction of these Tropedoes will add more firepower to India’s underwater weaponry with the Navy.
- India’s intends also to sell the heavyweight torpedo to friendly nations.
- Varunastra is an electrically-propelled underwater heavyweight torpedo.
- It is capable of targeting quiet and stealthy submarines, both in deep and littoral waters in intense counter-measure environment.
- It has an operational range is 40 km and it can carry a warhead weighing 250 kg.
It can be launched from ships and submarines. The ship-launched missiles can also be launched from ashore.
- The weapon system uses its own intelligence in tracing the target. It is equipped with one of the most advanced automatic and remote-controlled guidance systems.
Torpedos with India: