Prelims cum Mains Security Issues

India set to join heavyweight torpedo club

In News:
  • The Indian Navy is inducting the indigenously developed heavyweight torpedo “Varunastra” into its arsenal.
Torpedo:
  • Torpedo is a self-propelled underwater missile, launched from a submarine, surface vessel etc. and designed for exploding upon contact with the hulls of surface vessels and submarines.
  • Torpedoes are a submarine’s principal weapons systems for attacking and defending against enemy attack submarines and surface warships.
  • A torpedo has a propulsion system, a guidance system and some sort of explosive device.
  • Modern torpedoes contain intricate devices to control its depth and direction according to a preset plan or in response to signals received from an outside source, as well as a explosive-filled warhead.
News Summary:
  • Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), a defence PSU, has signed a contract worth nearly Rs 1,200 crore for manufacture and supply of Heavy Weight Torpedoes – Varunastra – to the Indian Navy.
  • Varunastra, considered to be 95% indigenous, has been developed by the Naval Science and Technology Laboratory (NTSL), a premier laboratory of DRDO.
  • Since 2016, the Indian Navy has been testing it, and has now taken a decision to order production.
  • The induction of these Tropedoes will add more firepower to India’s underwater weaponry with the Navy.
  • India’s intends also to sell the heavyweight torpedo to friendly nations.
Varunastra:
  • Varunastra is an electrically-propelled underwater heavyweight torpedo.
  • It is capable of targeting quiet and stealthy submarines, both in deep and littoral waters in intense counter-measure environment.
  • It has an operational range is 40 km and it can carry a warhead weighing 250 kg.
  • It can be launched from ships and submarines. The ship-launched missiles can also be launched from ashore.
  • The weapon system uses its own intelligence in tracing the target. It is equipped with one of the most advanced automatic and remote-controlled guidance systems.
Torpedos with India:
 

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