Prelims cum Mains Security Issues

Centre to stop skill training, jobs scheme for J&K youths

The News:

  • The Centre has decided to withdraw Udaan, a Special Industry Initiative (SII) scheme in Jammu and Kashmir.

About Udaan

  • Udaan is a centrally funded skill enhancement scheme for J&K youth implemented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
  • It was launched in 2013.
  • The scheme is based on the recommendations of the Rangarajan Committee.
  • Initially the time period of UDAAN Scheme was up to 2016-17, however, Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) extended time period till  December, 2018.
  • The programme covers graduates, post graduates and three year engineering diploma holders.
  • Objectives: to provide skills and job opportunities to the J&K youth and simultaneously provide exposure to corporate India towards the rich talented pool available in the State.
  • Key stakeholders:
  • Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) – Chief Benefactors
  • State Government (Jammu & Kashmir)
  • Corporates – Training Partners
  • Implementation Agency (IA) NSDC
  • Target:
  • It aims to cover 57,000 youth of J&K over a period of five years.
  • It is designed to encourage corporates to travel to J&K meet with the youth and hire aspiring youth who wish to explore the opportunity to work with corporates.

Reason for withdrawing Udaan:

  • Youths did not want to take up employment outside Kashmir and Multi National Companies were unable to provide all opportunities in Kashmir.
  • Other such employment schemes like Skill Development and Employment Scheme and Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana are also being run in J&K to train and provide employment to the youths.

Similar Efforts in J&K:

  • For the employment opportunity of the youth JKEDI (Jammu Kashmir entrepreneurship development institute) had been formed.
  • The Central government of India introduced HIMAYAT scheme which is a training-cum-placement programme for unemployed youth in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Himayat scheme youths will be provided short-term training for at least 3 months, in a range of skills for which there is good market demand. At the end of the training, the youth are assured of a job and there is one year post-placement tracking to see how they are faring

 

Other Skill Development and Employment Schemes

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY):

  • It is the flagship outcome-based skill training scheme of MSDE.
  • Objective: To enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up outcome-based skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood.
  • It is being implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).

 

National Apprentice Promotion Scheme:

  • Objective: To promote apprenticeship training and increase the engagement of apprentices from present 2.3 lakh to 50 lakh cumulatively by 2020.
  • The scheme focuses on sharing of 25% of prescribed stipend subject to a maximum of Rs. 1500/- per month per apprentice to all apprentices with the employers.

 

National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015:

  • Objective: Providing an integrated policy for comprehensive roadmap for growth of skilling as well as entrepreneurship in the country by addressing the needs of job seekers as well as job creators.
  • It aims to promote a culture of innovation based entrepreneurship which can generate wealth and employment so as to ensure Sustainable livelihoods for all citizens in the country.

 

National Skill Development Mission:

  • Objective: To consolidate skill initiatives across the country, and standardize procedures and outcomes.
  • It will be implemented through a streamlined institutional mechanism driven by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).

 

Seekho aur Kamao:

  • Objective: Upgrading the skills of minority youth in various modern/traditional skills depending upon their qualification, present economic trends and market potential.
  • This can earn them suitable employment or make them suitably skilled to go for self-employment.

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