Prelims cum Mains Security Issues

INS Vikramaditya completes ₹705-cr refit in Kochi

The News

  • INS Vikramaditya, India’s only aircraft carrier, successfully completed its second refit since induction in the Indian Navy.

Summary

  • The refit which is primarily a maintenance and repair operation was performed by Cochin Shipyard Limited. (CSL)
  • This is the second time the carrier has undergone refit operation since its induction into Indian Navy in 2013.
  • Now the carrier need not be dry-docked for another 4-5 years and is ready for full operational deployment.

Background

  • INS Vikramaditya is the only aircraft carrier of Indian Navy currently in operation.
  • Earlier INS Vikrant, India’s first aircraft carrier, and INS Viraat were in operation.
  • INS Vikrant was decommissioned in 1997 after serving for 37 years.
  • INS Viraat was recently decommissioned in July 2018 after serving for 30 years.
  • India and Russia signed $1.5 billion for the acquisition of Admiral Gorshkov in 2000. After a delay due to cost overruns and technical issues the warship was finally inducted to the Indian Navy in 2013, as INS Vikramaditya.

About INS Vikramaditya 

  • It is the largest short take-off, but assisted recovery (STOBAR) aircraft carrier capable of vertical takeoff and landing.
  • It can carry more than 30 long-range multi-role fighters with anti-ship missiles, air-to-air missiles, guided bombs and rockets.
  • The MiG 29K is the main offensive platform giving a quantum jump to India’s maritime strike capability.
  • With a range of over 700 nautical miles extendable to over 1,900 nm, it includes anti-ship missiles, Beyond Visual Range air-to-air missiles, guided bombs and rockets.
  • INS Vikramaditya is also integrated with Barak 8 air-defence system (LR-SAM long-range surface to air missile).

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