Polity & Governance Prelims cum Mains

A gap analysis survey of Village Panchayats

The News

  • Survey report of a gap analysis of village sunder the Mission Antyodaya convergence scheme has been released.


About the gap analysis

  • Rural Development Ministry is conducting a gap analysis of villages in the country.
  • Till now it has done a gap analysis of more than 3.5 lakh villages, in more than 1.6 lakh panchayats under the Mission Antyodaya convergence scheme.
  • A team of officials surveyed and scored village level facilities and amenities using parameters related to infrastructure, economic development and livelihood, irrigation facilities, health, nutrition and sanitation, women’s empowerment, and financial inclusion.
  • While in October 2017, an initial baseline survey was carried out in 50,000 gram panchayats, this year, the exercise is expected to cover all of the country’s 2.5 lakh panchayats by the end of November.
  • The rankings will be updated as more panchayats are included.


Highlights of the survey report

  • With multiple panchayats assigned the same score – and thus tied at the same ranking – there are 97 panchayats in the top 10 ranks.
  • Of these, 37 panchayats are in Andhra Pradesh while 24 are in Tamil Nadu.
  • Kuligod in Karnataka’s Belagavi district is the country’s best developed village, but more than a third of the gram panchayats ranked in the top 10 are in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Villages from other States are represented only in single digits.
  • Of the States going to the polls next month, Telengana and Madhya Pradesh have five and four panchayats in the top 10 ranks respectively.




Analysis of the survey report

  • At the national level, the data shows progress in some areas and also spotlights discrepancies in respect of targets met under some other government schemes.
    • For example, the survey reveals that more than 95% of villages have electricity available for domestic use, while the government had earlier this year claimed that 100% of villages had power connections.
    • Similarly with regard to sanitation, the survey shows only 58% of villages — slightly more than 2 lakh of the 3.5 lakh surveyed villages — are open defecation free (ODF).
    • However, according to the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan-Gramin, 5.13 lakh of India’s 6 lakh villages are already ODF.
  • The survey also shows only 21% of villages having a community waste disposal system.
  • About a quarter of all villages have more than 75% of households using clean energy, such as LPG or biogas.
  • The survey indicates moderate progress in the rural housing scheme: less than 10% of the villages have more than 80% of their houses with kachha walls and roofs, indicating temporary structures.
  • More than 73% of the villages are connected with an all-weather road.
  • Financial inclusion still has some way to go, with less than 15% of villages having banks, while just more than 10% have ATMs.
  • While more than 26% of villages have post office facilities, only 8% have a soil testing centre and almost 12% have a government seed centre.


Significance of the survey

  • The gap analysis allows citizens and policymakers to track development in each individual village, apart from the nationwide trends.
  • Making this information available at fingertips for every village in the country allows for greater public accountability.
  • It also allows for more evidence-based planning at the panchayat level.


About Kuligod, the best developed village

  • Kulgod in Karnataka’s Belagavi district is the most developed village in the country under the Antyodaya scheme of the Centre.
  • It scored 94 out of 100.
  • The village has two big banks and four schools.
  • Nestled on the banks of the perennial Ghataprabha river, Kulgod is a clean, green village.
  • It scored high on infrastructure, financial inclusion, women’s empowerment, health and education, among 47 parameters.
  • In Kuligod, a village with total population of 6,970, irrigation facilities has improved immensely since the 2011 census, rising from 82 hectares to 3,472 hectares over that time period.
  • From no piped water in 2011, all households now have access to piped water, according to the survey.
  • This ‘best developed village’ has also progressed on sanitation and been declared ODF.
  • There are signs of prosperity: a well-equipped gram panchayat office, branches of two nationalised banks, a co-op bank, a BSNL centre, a government primary school, three private high schools, an electricity customer care centre, a PHC, a veterinary hospital, and an ATM.
  • With a population of 7,000 people, it has 5,200 voters.
  • The economy is aided by agriculture, and nearly 90% of the area is irrigated by the Ghataprabha right bank canal and the Rameshwar lift irrigation project.
  • There is a frequent bus service.
  • Beyond Class X, girls take a bus to the government college at Koujalagi, 6 km away.
  • There are some great advantages with Kuligod:
    • The elected members are very responsible and serious about their work.
    • It is a compact Gram Panchayat with one village.
    • Another significant factor is the relatively high levels of prosperity and awareness that have ensured people’s involvement in governance.


Way forward

  • Having a data regarding any administrative unit helps in planning for its effective development, hence the gap analysis must be utilized for targeted development.
  • Ensure accountability and inculcate sense of responsibility in the elected members of the village panchayats for their development.
  • Compact gram panchayats can give better results as is reflected by Kuligod village, hence for the development purpose more decentralization is required.
  • There is need generate awareness among the villagers so that participative or citizen centric governance can be achieved.


About Mission Antyodaya Scheme

  • Mission Antyodaya is a convergence framework for measurable effective outcomes on parameters that transform lives and livelihoods.
  • In India, 8.88 crore households are found to be deprived and poor households as per Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) of 2011 from the perspective of multi-dimensional deprivations such as shelterlessness, landlessness, households headed by single women, SC/ST household or disabled member in the family.
  • These households require targeted interventions under government’s various schemes and programmes in areas such as wage creation, skill generation, social security, education, health, nutrition and livelihood creation.
  • Already, financial resources to the tune of about Rupees four lakh crore are allocated annually to impact lives of rural poor by several government ministries/ departments.
  • In this context, ‘Mission Antyodaya’ seeks to converge government interventions with Gram Panchayats as the basic unit for planning by following a saturation approach by pooling resources – human and financial – to ensure sustainable livelihoods.
  • It is a State – led initiative for rural transformation to make a real difference based on measurable outcomes to the lives of 1,00,00,000 households in 5,000 rural clusters or 50,000 Gram Panchayats in 1,000 days.

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