Prelims cum Mains Security Issues

Tribes to the fore in Bastar Dialogue

The News

  • The Bastar Dialogue, aimed at furthering peace in the Red Corridor, concluded in Jagdalpur with the passing of a resolution and finalising a roadmap towards achieving peace in the Dandakaranya region.

 

What is a red corridor region?

  • Red corridor region is demarcated by the union government to notify the districts which are affected by left wing extremism.
  • It is spanning across 106 districts in 10 States, namely- Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
  • A recent report of MoHA classifies the red corridor region with respect to the severity of the Naxal influence. The three main categories are:
    • Severely affected – Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and Bihar
    • Partially affected – West Bengal, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh
    • Slightly affected – Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh
  • 44 districts have been removed from the list and 8 new districts which could be slightly or partially affected has been added to the list.

 

About Naxalism

  • The Naxalite movement was started by Charu Majumdar, Kanu Sanyal and Jangal Santhal in West Bengal in 1967 under the banner of Communist Party of India (Marxist).
  • The CPI (Maoist) was formed in 2004 with the merger of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People’s War, commonly known as the People’s War Group, and the Maoist Communist Centre of India. And it has been functioning under this banner since then.
  • The movement has changed many banners over the past four decades and is now called the CPI (Maoist), which is a banned organisation in the country.

 

Background

  • More than 12,000 people have died in the last 20 years in central India due to the ongoing conflict.
  • Out of which, 2,700 were security forces and more than 9,300 were members of the Adivasi community.
  • There was a meeting in June this year, in which it was decided to make sustained efforts for peace and involve the affected people in the peace process
  • Around 150 people, from various States affected by Maoist insurgency began a 186-km long ‘Peace Padyatra’ (peace march) to appeal to “all sides to give peace a chance.”
  • The Peace Padyatra, which started from the Shabri Gandhi Ashram in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh on the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, later concluded in the Jagdalpur town of Bastar on October 12 with a conclave called the ‘Bastar dialogue’.
  • In a historic move, Krishna Kumari Devi (the queen mother of Bastar) has also invited 10 tribal leaders from Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra for an annual meeting of Manjhis.

Note Manjhis are hereditary heads of various parganas in Chhattisgarh.

 

Way ahead

  • The government should create an atmosphere for such dialogues
  • There should be use of a mix of Gandhiji’s teachings and Marxist learnings to achieve peace.

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