- In 2021, India will participate in PISA- an international assessment of student ability conducted by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Programme for International Student Assessment: A Backgrounder
- PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), is an international study conducted by the OECD since 2000 every three years to evaluate education systems worldwide.
- PISA assesses the competencies of 15-year-old students on key knowledge and skills essential for full participation in modern societies.
What does it measure?
- PISA assesses the knowledge and skills of students in the domains of reading, mathematics and science.
- A key aspect of PISA is the application of knowledge in real-life contexts rather than the mere ability of students to reproduce the knowledge.
- It is a cyclical study conducted every three years with one of the core domains tested in detail in every cycle.
- The major domain in PISA 2018 is reading.
3 core domains under PISA
- Reading literacy
- Understanding, using, evaluating, reflecting on and engaging with texts in order to develop one’s knowledge and potential and to participate in society.
- Science literacy
- Ability to engage with science-related issues. Thus It tests competencies to:
- Explain phenomena scientifically
- Evaluate and Design scientific enquiry
- Interpret data and evidence scientifically.
- Mathematical literacy
- Capacity to formulate, employ and interpret mathematics in a variety of contexts.
- It includes reasoning mathematically and using mathematical concepts, procedures, facts and tools to describe, explain and predict phenomena.
Why did India not participate in PISA?
- 400 schools from Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh participated in PISA, 2009, first time by Indian schools.
- However on account of poor performance in the rankings India refused to participate in PISA in 2012 and 2015.
- India ranked 72nd among the 74 participating countries on reading domain which was the core domain in 2009.
- Now the HRD Ministry has approved the decision to participate in the PISA, 2021.
- Government has nominated Chandigarh schools for participation in PISA, 2021.
Significance of PISA
- PISA provides internationally comparable indicators of knowledge and skills, core aspects of the educational systems and the general academic framework.
- This will help identify strengths and problem areas which can be used to improve the educational systems.
- PISA will help knowledge-sharing of best practices among policy makers of participant countries.