Enviornment

India’s most polluted: 30% have no clean-up plan

The News

  • Only 73 out of 102 cities, with alarming air pollution levels, have submitted a plan of remedial action under National Clean Air Campaign monitored by CPCB.

 

Summary

  • Under National Clean Air Program, the State Pollution Control Boards were directed to implement several pollution abatement measures in non-attainment cities.
  • The important measures are:
    • Mitigation measures related to vehicular emissions.
    • Re-suspension of road dust due to construction and demolition activities.
    • Control of emissions from bio-mass, municipal solid waste burning, industrial pollution.
  • 29 of the non-attainment cities are yet to submit their city-specific action plans to tackle air pollution.

 

About NACP

  • In December 2017, the Union government announced the National Clean Air Progamme (NCAP) that proposes multiple strategies to combat air pollution across the country.
  • NCAP is India’s first attempt at working out a coordinated system to curb air pollution.
  • It requires the states to frame their own Clean Air Programmes.
  • The primary goal of NCAP is to meet the prescribed annual average ambient air quality standards across the country within a stipulated timeframe.

 

 

Objectives

  • To augment and evolve ambient air quality monitoring network across the country to build a reliable database.
  • Ensuring public participation in planning and implementation of air pollution policies.
  • To have a feasible management plan for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.

 

Components of NCAP

  • Tackle pollution from various sources including power plants, transport, industry, residential and agriculture sectors etc.
  • Increase number of manual air quality monitoring stations from 703 to 1,000.
  • Expand the network of the Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations (CAAQMS)
  • Set up Air Information Centre for data analysis, interpretation and dissemination through GIS platforms.

City-Specific Action Plans for non-attainment cities

  • NCAP has a city-specific action plans consisting pollution abatement measures for 102 non-attainment cities.
  • A non-attainment city is the one which has air quality worse than the National Ambient Air Quality Standards.
  • Totally 102 cities have been identified 94 cities as non-attainment cities on the basis of 5-years data generated under the National Air Quality Monitoring Programme.
  • All big metros are on the list including Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Kanpur, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Chandigarh, Lucknow, Varanasi, Bhopal Jaipur etc.
  • The plan for 102 non-attainment cities will have three timelines to gradually reduce air pollution.
  • Under the timelines, air pollution in these cities will be reduced by:
  1. 35% in the next three years
  2. 50% in the next five years
  3. 70-80% in the next 10 years.
  • States are entrusted with the responsibility to frame their own city-specific plan.
  • Centre would assist states in building capacities to reduce pollution level in tune with the prescribed timelines.

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