Bilateral International Relations Prelims cum Mains

Sushma opens foot camp in Vietnam

The News

  • External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj recently inaugurated a ‘Jaipur Foot’ camp in Hanoi.


Highlights of the news

  • Swaraj is in Vietnam on the first leg of a four-day two-nation tour, which aims at deepening India’s strategic cooperation with Vietnam and Cambodia – the key countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region.
  • The Minister met the Vietnamese beneficiaries of the free India-made prosthetic limb and encouraged a girl to walk with the newly-fitted artificial limb.
  • A camp has been organised as per an agreement between BMVSS and the Ministry of External Affairs for providing 5,000 ‘Jaipur Foot’ to the needy amputees of various countries.
  • This is a humanitarian effort of the Union government where BMVSS is the implementing agency.



  • Last month, it was announced in Jaipur that about 1,000 differently-abled people in Myanmar and Vietnam would be provided ‘Jaipur Foot’.
  • The Jaipur-based Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti (BMVSS) has started an artificial limb fitment camp in association with the Central government at Myanmar’s Yangon city.


Significance of the move

  • It will deepen India’s strategic cooperation with Vietnam and Cambodia, which are the key countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region.
  • The step is in sync with India’s “Act East” policy.
  • Such role played by Indian community in Vietnam is consolidating cultural connect between India and Vietnam.
  • The Minister also praised the Indian Diaspora in Vietnam for strengthening people to people bond between two nations.


About Prosthesis

  • A prosthesis (also called a prosthetic limb, artificial limb, or limb “replacement”) is an artificially made substitute for a limb lost through a congenital defect (present at birth), accident, illness, or wartime injury.
  • A type of prosthesis called a cosmesis is designed to be purely cosmetic and has little or no function; artificial hands often fall into this category.
  • Other prostheses are highly functional and have little or no cosmetic disguise; artificial legs, designed to be covered by pants (trousers), are sometimes little more than metal rods and wires.


Jaipur Foot Technology


  • The Jaipur Foot is a rubber-based prosthetic leg for people with below-knee amputations.
  • It is choice of prosthetic because of its low cost and variable applicability.
  • The foot is superior to other prosthetics in range of movements which makes it easier for the differently-abled person to assimilate in semi-urban and rural set ups in developing countries.
  • Like all lower limb prosthesis, the Jaipur Foot / limb Technology has three vital components namely –
  1. Prosthetic Foot
  2. Knee Joint
  3. Socket & Shank
  • BMVSS is the parent body for Jaipur Foot.
  • Jaipur Foot was developed at Jaipur in 1968 by a group of eminent orthopedic surgeons and highly innovative craftsmen.


About India-Vietnam relations



  • India-Vietnam relations have been exceptionally friendly and cordial since their foundations were laid by founding fathers of the two countries – President Ho Chi Minh and President Rajendra Prasad and Prime Minister Nehru.
  • The traditionally close and cordial relations have their historical roots in the common struggle for liberation from foreign rule and the national struggle for independence.
  • In recent times, political contacts have strengthened as reflected in several high-level visits by leaders from both sides.
  • Trade and economic linkages continue to grow.
  • India’s thrust under the ‘Look East’ policy combined with Vietnam’s growing engagement within the region and with India has paid rich dividends.
  • Vietnam is an important regional partner in South East Asia.
  • India and Vietnam closely cooperate in various regional forums such as ASEAN, East Asia Summit, Mekong Ganga Cooperation, Asia Europe Meeting (ASEM) besides UN and WTO.


Economic and Commercial Relations:

  • India’s relations with Vietnam are marked by growing economic and commercialengagement.
  • India is now among the top ten trading partners of Vietnam.
  • Bilateral trade between India and Vietnam has seen continuous growth over the pastmany years.
  • According toGOI data, total trade between the two countries during April – Nov of fiscal year 2016-2017 was US$ 6244.92 million.
  • The two sides agreed to set the target of bilateral trade atUSD 15 billion by 2020.
  • Major export commodities from India are machinery andequipment, seafood, pharmaceuticals, cottons of all kinds, automobiles, textiles andleather accessories, cattle feed ingredient, chemicals, plastic resins, products ofchemicals, fibres of all kinds, steel of all kinds, fabrics of all kinds, ordinary metals andjewellery & precious stones.
  • Main items of imports from Vietnam are mobile phones & accessories, computers andelectronics hardware, machinery and equipments, chemicals, rubber, ordinary metals,wood and wooden products, fibres of all kinds, pepper, means of transport, products ofsteels, coffee, footwear, products of chemicals and polymers and resins.

Cultural Relations and People to People Exchanges:

  • The Indian Cultural Centre opened in Hanoi in September 2016, with the objective ofstrengthening India’s cultural presence in Vietnam.
  • Regular yoga, dance and musicclasses are held at the Centre.
  • Commemorating the 45th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations and10th anniversary of the establishment of Strategic Partnership, 2017 is being celebratedas the Year of Friendship.

Indian Diaspora in Vietnam:

  • Estimated population of Indians living in Vietnam is 2900, mostly in HCMC.
  • The IndianBusiness Chamber (INCHAM) is an organisation of Indians living in Vietnam, primarily topromote trade and business interactions.
  • The Indian community is vibrant, law-abiding,well-educated and prosperous.
  • A vast majority of them are professionals working inIndian and multinational companies.
  • They retain strong family, cultural and business tieswith India.
  • With the ongoing increase in bilateral trade, investment and tourism, theIndian community in Vietnam is set to grow and prosper further in the years ahead.


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