- For the first time, elimination of open urination has been declared as an agenda under Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).
- Recently, two Open Defecation Free protocols (ODF+ and ODF++) were issued by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
- Accordingly, in order to be declared ODF+, a city or town should be free of open urination, in addition to open defecation.
- However, elimination of open urination is not in the agenda of the rural division of Swachh Bharat Mission.
- The ODF protocol was first issued in March 2016 to notify a city/ward if not a single person is found defecating in the open.
- So far, 2,741 cities have been certified as ODF.
- According to ODF+ protocol a city, ward or work circle could be declared ODF+ if, not a single person is found defecating and/or urinating in the open.
- This requires all community and public toilets to be functional and well-maintained.
- The ODF++ protocol adds the condition that faecal sludge/septage and sewage is safely managed and treated without dumping them in drains, water bodies or open areas.
About Swachh Bharat Mission
- The mission aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2 October 2019.
- Eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets.
- Establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use.
- It has two sub-Missions viz. Swachh Bharat Mission (Rural) and Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).
- Rural mission is under the purview of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
- Urban mission comes under Ministry of Urban Development.