Polity & Governance Prelims cum Mains

Banka experiment goes national

The News

  • The Banka Unnayan will be implemented for classes IX to XII in about 5,000 schools across as many villages in the country under Central government’s flagship scheme, Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA).
  • The programme, done in collaboration with UBA and Eckovation, an education app, would be launched at IIT-Delhi.
  • Eckovation has signed a MoU with UBA and will have a grand launch to replicate Unnayan model in schools (classes IX through XII) of 5,000 villages across the country, get IIT professors to teach college students about rural development, and enhance students’ skills in rural technology.


Limitations of Indian education system

  • Limited number of quality teachers
  • High student-to-teacher ratio,
  • Low attendance,
  • Poor learning outcomes and
  • Huge dropouts


About Banka Unnayan

  • Banka Unnayan is a mobile-based social learning platform set up by a group of IIT graduates, the project involves integrating technology-based learning with continuous monitoring of the students through a centralised tracking system, which prepares a digital report card for each student
  • It brings together Artificial Intelligence and data analytics.
  • Banka is a Maoist-hit tribal district in south-eastern Bihar.
  • It has a dismal literacy rate of 58.17 per cent, far below the national average of 74.04 per cent.
  • Children can watch the same videos on the Eckovation app.
  • Anyone – parents, students, experts and people anywhere in the world – can download this app and interact with each other.
  • Conceived by Banka District Magistrate Kundan Kumar and Eckovation.
  • Smart lessons and mobile phone-based learning are the unique feature of this programme.


Positive Outcomes of Banka Unnayan

  • Class attendance grew to over 80% as compared to 20% – 30% earlier.
  • Enhancement in performance of students. After the launch of Unnayan, 25 per cent jump from last year’s results.
  • Interactive sessions help in maintaining the interest of students in subjects has motivated children to come to school.
  • Increase in new enrollments
  • It has also motivated teachers and enhanced their knowledge.
  • Parents, students and administration officials can monitor the progress of the children through the app. This is useful in analyzing the performance of the students as well as the schools.


  • As recognition of its success, this year, the project won the Prime Minister’s Excellence Award for Public Administration in the ‘Innovation’ category.
  • The Banka experiment is already being replicated in Puducherry, Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand.


Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0

  • It is the second stage of the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan.
  • It is a flagship program of the Ministry of Human Resources Development, with the intention to enrich Rural India.
  • It aims to create a vibrant relationship between the society and the higher educational institutes.
  • It is aimed at making higher education institutions provide solutions to problems of villages.
  • Providing the knowledge and technology support to improve the livelihoods in rural areas and upgrading the capabilities of both the public and private organizations in the society are the means.
  • Both technical and non-technical institutions have been invited to build systems in villages as per their strengths.
  • IIT Delhi has been designated to function as the National Coordinating Institute for this program.
  • Each selected institute would adopt a cluster of villages/ Panchayats and gradually expand the outreach over a period of time.

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