Prelims cum Mains

BrahMos tested in extreme weather conditions

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The News

  • The supersonic cruise missile BrahMos was successfully test-fired from the Integrated Test Range at Balasore, Odisha, under extreme weather conditions, as part of the service life extension programme for the Army.


Key highlights

  • India achieved another milestone in its defence preparedness by successfully test firing BrahMos, the supersonic cruise missile, amidst extreme weather conditions proving it as one of the best all-weather weapon systems in the world.
  • The missile proved its efficacy and longevity despite the inclement weather, flying in sea state 7, with waves as high as nine metres.
  • The test was conducted as a part of life extension programme, with life extention from 10 years to 15 years.
  • The test was aimed at gauging its killing probability in extreme conditions.
  • Brahmos missile has established itself as a major force multiplier in modern-day complex battlefields with its land-attack, anti-ship capabilities with multi-role and multi-platform abilities.


What is sea state?

  • Sea state 7 means around nine-meter wave and strong winds.
  • Sea state is the degree of turbulence at sea, generally measured on a scale of 0 to 9 according to average wave height.


About BrahMos

  • BrahMos a joint venture, supersonic missile between India and Russia and it has been demonstrated in various configurations in land-attack, anti-ship and from the air.
  • The name BrahMos is an acronym, named after the Brahmaputra River in India and the Moskva River in Russia.
  • It is a derivative of the Russian-made P-800 Oniks over-the-horizon supersonic anti-ship cruise missile.
  • The missile has the capability of attacking surface targets by flying as low as 10 meters in altitude.
  • The missile can be launched from various platforms such as land, ship, submarine or air.
  • Because of its versatility the missile can be integrated with a wide range of platforms such as warships, submarines, aircraft, mobile autonomous launchers and even silos
  • The nine-meter long missile can travel at thrice the speed of sound (supersonic). It is capable of reaching top speeds of up to Mach 2.8 to 3. (Mach is speed of sound)
  • It can carry a conventional warhead weighing upto 300 kg.
  • With the strike range of around 300- 400 km, Bramhos is the world’s fastest supersonic cruise missile.
  • The strike range of the weapon system has been increased to 450 km after India’s full membership to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which removed caps on range of cruise missiles.
  • It is the only supersonic cruise missile possessing the advanced capability providing an edge to the user with precise hit.



Induction in the armed forces

  • The Army and the Navy have already inducted the missile, while the air launched variant is undergoing trials.
  • The Indian army is the first army in the world to have a regiment of supersonic cruise missile with advanced capabilities.
  • BrahMos has been integrated with INS Rajput, INS Ranvir, INS Ranvijay, INS Teg, INS Tarkash, INS Trikand, Shivalik Class and Kolkata Class warships of the Indian Navy.
  • The missile can be fired on three different targets or in a variety of other combinations near simultaneously.


Efforts at Indigenisation

  • India has made a concerted effort over the last few years to incrementally indigenize the various components and subsystems of the BrahMos missile.
  • This is due to souring of India-Russia defense relations and the cancellation of a number of joint defense projects.
  • In March, a ground-launched BrahMos equipped with an indigenous seeker was successfully tested for the first time.
  • However, Russia still supplies the missile’s ramjet propulsion system and seeker technology (for now), while India provides the inertial navigation system and fire control system.

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