Ancient History Prelims cum Mains

Unesco tag for Mumbai’s Art Deco, Victorian dists

The News

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) finally declared the Mumbai’s Victorian and Art Deco Ensembles, straddling two heritage precincts of Fort and Marine Drive, a World Heritage Site.

About the news

  • The feat makes Mumbai the second city in India after Ahmedabad to be inscribed on the World Heritage List.
  • This is the third such honour for Mumbai after the Elephanta Caves and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station found place in the world heritage site list in 1987 and 2004, respectively.
  • The Art Deco and Victorian buildings are India’s 37th heritage site, Maharashtra’s fifth, and Mumbai’s third.


About Victorian structures and Art Deco Buildings

  • The Victorian buildings are amongst the finest and most cohesive group of 19th century Victorian Gothic in the world.
  • The Art Deco of the 20th century is the second largest and homogenous collections in the world.
  • The eastern edge of the property is defined by Mahatma Gandhi Marg and Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Chowk within the designated historic precinct of Fort area.
  • This marks the edge of the 19th century fortified city of Bombay (now Mumbai).
  • Though the fort walls were mostly torn down in the 1860s under the governorship of Sir Bartle Frere, the name persists in public memory and is a protected heritage precinct under the Heritage Regulations for Greater Bombay 1995.
  • The western edge of the property is defined by the Arabian sea that lines the 20th century Art Deco buildings of Backbay Reclamation and Marine Drive.
  • The northern edge of the property is defined by Veer Nariman Road and the southern edge by Madame Cama Road.


The collection of buildings include:

  • The row of public buildings of the High Court,
  • Mumbai University,
  • Old Secretariat,
  • NGMA,
  • Elphinstone College,
  • David Sassoon Library,
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya,
  • Western Railways headquarters,
  • Maharashtra Police headquarters to the east of Oval Maidan
  • The first row of Backbay Reclamation scheme,
  • Cricket Club of India,
  • Ram Mahal along Dinshaw Wacha Road,
  • The iconic cinema halls of Eros and Regal
  • The first row of buildings along Marine Drive.

Benefits to Mumbai

  • Mumbai’s tourism and culture would be hugely benefited.
  • Mumbai will be brought on the international tourist map.
  • Being the financial capital of our country, Mumbai attracts many businessmen like London and some European cities. It would have the unique distinction of being both a financial capital and a world heritage site


  • UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural organization.
  • It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences and Culture.
  • UNESCO’s programs contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals defined in Agenda 2030, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015.
  • Other UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Maharashtra

    1. Elephanta Caves

    2. Ellora Caves

    3. Ajanta Caves

    4. Kailasa temple, Ellora

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: