International Relations Prelims cum Mains

World’s biggest project in Telangana set to water the state’s crops and villages

The News

  • The country’s biggest irrigation project, the Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Scheme, in Telangana which holds several national and world records will start receiving water from the Godavari River from the first week of August.
  • Kaleshwaram is at the juncture of the rivers Godavari and its Pranahita tributary.

 

 

Background

  • Telangana has the history of second-highest number of farmers commiting suicide after Vidarbha in Maharashtra due to failed monsoons and lack of water for irrigation.
  • The Kaleshwaram project is an off-shoot of the original Pranahitha-Chevella Lift Irrigation Scheme taken up in 2007 when Andhra Pradesh was not divided.
  • After the formation of Telangana in 2014, the TRS government redesigned the project on the ground that the original plan had too many environmental obstacles and had very low water storage provision of only about 16.5 tmc ft.
  • After conducting a highly advanced Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) survey for a couple of months, the government separated the original component serving the Adilabad area as the Pranahitha project and renamed the rest as Kaleshwaram project.

 

How Kaleshwaram Irrigation project is a boon for Telangana?

  • The Kaleshwaram project evisages to irrigate 18 lakh acres in 13 districts and stabilise another 17 lakh acres in another seven districts of Telangana.
  • It will also provide drinking water to several towns and cities, especially Hyderabad and Secunderabad, and water for industries in many districts.

 

Unique features of the project

  • KLIP has the longest tunnel to carry water in Asia, running up to 81 km, between the Yellampally barrage and the Mallannasagar reservoir.
  • The project would also utilise the highest capacity pumps, up to 139 MW, in the country to lift water.

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