Prelims cum Mains

Practice Questions

Question 1

Which of the following statements about e-RaKAM is correct?

A. It is a portal to sell agricultural produce.
B. It is a platform for online filing of income tax return.
C. It is an app to promote selling of handicrafts made by jail inmates.
D. It is an online term cropping up for speculation in trading of futures and debentures.

Explanation :

The government has launched a portal, e-RaKAM, to provide a platform to sell agricultural produce. E-RaKAM is a first-of-its-kind initiative that leverages technology to connect farmers of the smallest villages to the biggest markets of the world through internet and e-RaKAM centres. The portal is a joint initiative by state-run-auctioneer MSTC and Central Warehousing Corporation arm CRWC. E-RaKAM is a digital initiative bringing together the farmers, FPOs, PSUs, civil supplies and buyers on a single platform to ease the selling and buying process of agricultural products.

 

 

Question 2

Which of the following martial art/ games are correctly matched with their respective States?

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Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A. 1, 2 and 3 Only
B. 2, 3 and 4 Only
C. 1, 3 and 4 Only
D. None of the above

Explanation :

  1. a) Kalaripayatu: Kerala, b) Silambam: Tamil Nadu, c) Kabaddi: Telengana, d) Archery: Jharkhand, e) Malkhamb: Maharashtra, f) Mukna: Manipur, g) Thangta: Manipur, h) Khomlainai: Assam, i) Gatka: Punjab

 

 

Question 3

Which country has recently declared total independence from International Monetary Fund and World Bank?

A. Syria
B. Bolivia
C. North Korea
D. Namibia

Explanation :

The President of Bolivia has recently declared his government’s full independence from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank after announcing last year that Bolivia will no longer respond to their demands.

Most of the protests in Bolivia have targeted the policies of the international money lending organisations that have focused on privatisation and austerity measures to combat corruption in the country.

 

 

Question 4

Consider the following statements with reference to Egyptian vultures, which was in news recently:

  1. It is the largest among all the vultures.
  2. It is an endangered species as per IUCN’s Red data book.
  3. It is also called as white scavengers.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A. 1 and 2 Only.
B. 2 and 3 Only.
C. 1 and 3 Only.
D. All of the above.

Explanation :

Egyptian vultures (Neophron percnopterus) are also called white scavenger vulture or pharaoh’s chicken and are the smallest among all vultures. They are a globally endangered species on the IUCN Red List.

 

 

Question 5

Which of the following is true about ‘BRICS-ARP’, a research based platform?

A. It will help in achieving gender equality.
B. It aims to promote use of marine resources.
C. It will ensure the access to affordable, sustainable energy to all.
D. It aims to address the issue of inequality between farmer and non farmer income.

Explanation :

Recently the Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval for a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed among India and various BRICs countries for establishment of the BRICS Agriculture Research Platform (BRICS-ARP).

BRICS-ARP will be the global platform for science-led agriculture-based sustainable development for addressing the issues of world hunger, under-nutrition, poverty and inequality, particularly between farmers’ and non-farmers’ income, and enhancing agricultural trade, bio-security and climate resilient agriculture.

 

 

Question 6

Which of the following statement(s) about Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) is/are correct?

  1. It is a statutory body which regulates the public exhibition of films under the provisions of the Information Act of 1952.
  2. The Chairman of the CBFC is appointed by the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) but he reports to the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.
  3. The tenure of Chairman of the CBFC is fixed for 2 years.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:-

A. 1 & 2 Only
B. 2 & 3 Only
C. All of the above
D. None of the above

Explanation :

Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) is a statutory body under Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, regulating the public exhibition of films under the provisions of the Cinematograph Act 1952.

It consists of non-official members and a Chairman, all of them are appointed by Central Government, who does not have fixed tenure.

 

Question 7

‘Buckingham Canal’ is included in which of the following National Waterways (NW)?

A. Allahabad-Haldia stretch of the Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly rivers.
B. Sadiya-Dhubri stretch of Brahmaputra River.
C. East Coast Canal integrated with Brahmani and Mahanadi delta river system.
D. Kakinada-Puducherry canal along with rivers Godavari and Krishna.

Explanation :

Buckingham Canal came into focus after it was declared as National Waterway 4 in 2008.

Various studies have shown that the canal acted as a buffer and had saved many lives and properties when a tsunami hit the Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh coast in December 2004.

 

Question 8 

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

  1. The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 defines a ‘child’ as any person below the age of sixteen years
  2. The Indian Penal Code exempts a man from being accused in case of rape if his wife is aged between fifteen and eighteen years of age.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A. 1 Only
B. 2 Only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None of the above

Explanation :

POCSO defines a ‘child’ as any person below the age of eighteen years, but once a girl below the age of eighteen is married (but above the age of 15), she is no more a child under the Exception 2 to Section 375 of the IPC.

A two-judge SC bench is hearing a petition by NGO Independent Thought challenging the Exception 2 to Section 375 (rape) of the IPC, which permits “intrusive sexual intercourse with a girl aged between 15 and 18 only on the ground that she is married”.

 

Question 9 

Which of the following chemicals have been recently banned by Supreme Court, in the manufacturing of firecrackers?

  1. Antimony
  2. Lithium
  3. Mercury
  4. Arsenic
  5. Lead
  6. Strontium

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A. 1, 2, 3 Only
B. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Only
C. 2, 4, 5, 6 Only
D. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Only

Explanation :

Ahead of the festive seasons of Dussehra and Deepavali, the Supreme Court has prohibited the use of five chemicals, labelled as toxic by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), in the manufacture of firecrackers.

The banned chemicals include antimony, lithium, mercury, arsenic and lead in any form whatsoever.

 

Question 10 

Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital’ is a programme launched in India by

A. Ministry of Human Resource and Development
B. NITI Aayog
C. UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific
D. World Economic Forum

Explanation :

NITI Aayog launched SATH, a program providing ‘Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital’ with the State Governments. The vision of the program is to initiate transformation in the education and health sectors.

NITI Aayog has selected Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Karnataka to improve healthcare delivery and key outcomes in these States. In Education, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Jharkhand have been selected for support to better learning outcomes.

The six States have been chosen after a rigorous competitive process based on comprehensive metrics to determine potential for impact and likelihood of success.

 

 

Question 11 

Which of the following statements is not true?

  1. The SC has formed a committee under the chairmanship of B N Srikrishna to study and identify key data protection issues.
  2. The purpose of the committee is to recognize the importance of data protection and keeping personal data of citizens secure and protected.
  3. The committee is also tasked to formulate a draft Data Protection Bill.

Choose the answer from the codes given below:

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2
C. 2 and 3
D. 1 and 3

Explanation :

The Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has constituted a committee under the chairmanship of a former Judge of Supreme Court Justice B N Srikrishna to study and identify key data protection issues and recommend methods for addressing them.

 

 

Question 12 

Which of the following statements are true regarding Guam Island?

  1. It is an American territory located in Atlantic Sea.
  2. The Equator passes through the island.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation :

The island is located in the Micronesia Pacific Ocean and lies above Equator, i.e. in Northern Hemisphere.

The island was captured by the USA from Spain in 1898 during the Spanish-American war. Guam’s citizens, where the most common ethnic group is Chamorro, are American Citizens by birth.

Recently, the island was in news when two US B-1 bombers were flown from Guam over the Korean peninsula in a joint exercise with the Japanese and South Korean air forces. Intelligence reports state North Korea has produced nuclear weapons and is capable of striking Guam.

 

 

Question 13

Which of the following statements are true regarding micro forest?

  1. Micro forest is a piece of land within a larger forest which habitats endangered plants.
  2. India’s first micro forest will be built in Chattisgarh.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation :

India’s first micro forest will be built in Raipur, Chattisgarh where approximately 19 acres of land which housed around 70 government office buildings will be converted into micro forest in order to create an oxy-zone.

The micro forest will provide fresh air to Raipur which is the 7th most polluted city in the world.

 

 

Question 14

Which of the following national park houses plants in fossil form?

A. Keibul Lamjao National Park
B. Kudremukh National Park
C. Marine Gulf of Kutch Park
D. Mandla National Park

Explanation :

The Mandla Plant Fossils National Park (MPNP) is located in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh.

This national park has plants in fossil form that existed in India anywhere between 40 million and 150 million years ago.

 

 

Question 15

Which of the following is true regarding Gaj Yatra?

  1. It is a nationwide campaign to create awareness about climate change.
  2. The campaign will be covered in all the states and Union Territories.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation :

The Gaj Yatra has been launched as a nationwide campaign to protect elephants on the occasion of World Elephant Day (WED). The campaign is planned to cover 12 elephant range states. The World Elephant Day (WED) is celebrated every year on August 12 to focus the attention of various stakeholders in supporting various conservation policies to protect elephants, including improving enforcement policies to prevent illegal poaching and trade in ivory.

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