Polity & Governance Prelims cum Mains

Atal Bhujal Yojana

Ministry

Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

Objective

To tackle ever-deepening crisis of depleting groundwater level

Year

March 2018 Proposed, yet not passed

Scheme:

  • The objective of scheme is to recharge ground water and create sufficient water storage for agricultural purposes.
  • It also focuses on revival of surface water bodies so that ground water level can be increased, especially in the rural areas.
  • It will give emphasis to recharging ground water sources and ensure efficient use of water by involving people at local level.
  • The scheme after Cabinet’s clearance will soon be launched in water-stressed states:
    • Gujarat,
    • Haryana,
    • Karnataka,
    • Maharashtra,
    • Uttar Pradesh,
    • Rajasthan and
    • Madhya Pradesh. 
  • It will cover 78 districts, 193 blocks and more than 8,300 gram panchayats across these states.
  • Centre will support half of the total project cost and rest of the budgetary cost will be shared by the World Bank.

Significance:

  • This scheme will help those who are in need for constant ground water supply especially farmers who have been hard impacted by acute shortage of ground water for past several years.
  • Its focus is primarily on involvement of communities and convergence with different water schemes.
  • Its major component is making society responsible and bringing about behaviour change to manage groundwater resource.
  • It will help improve overall outlook towards water resource.

Special Note/

Terminologies

    • About 80% of the rural and urban domestic water supplies in the country are dependent upon the groundwater.
    • According to a World Bank Report, India accounts for about 25% of the total groundwater abstraction, globally.  
    • The growing number of dark zones (those areas where the groundwater is overexploited, i.e annual groundwater consumption exceeds the annual groundwater recharge) in the country makes it imperative for this programme to be implemented.

Recent Development –

  • World bank approved the 6000 Cr loan for ABY on 5th June 2018.

 

Image result for ground water

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