Enviornment Prelims cum Mains

1.3bn litres of waste flows into Ganga every day

Details :

The News:

  • According to the latest data of National Mission for Clean Ganga, the programme has created sewage treatment capacity of just over 259 million litres per day (MLD), which is about 11% of the 2,311 MLD it seeks to create.


About Namami Gange

  • ‘Namami Gange Programme’, is an Integrated Conservation Mission, with to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.
  • It was launched with a budget outlay of Rs.20,000 Crore.


Pillars of the Namami Gange Programme include

  • Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure
  • River-Front Development
  • River-Surface Cleaning
  • Bio-Diversity
  • Afforestation
  • Public Awareness
  • Industrial Effluent Monitoring
  • Ganga Gram for construction of toilets in Gram Panchayats of 5 Ganga Basin States.


Status of the projects



  • Sewage infrastructure is the largest component of the overall programme with an outlay of Rs 16,600 cr.
  • Only 17% has been utilized so far.
  • However 1,300 MLD of sewage continues to flow into the main stem of the Ganga.
  • The Mission has 193 projects including 100 sewage treatment projects on its agenda and has completed 49 projects utilizing 21% of the funds sanctioned for all projects.
  • Estimated sewerage generation from 97 towns located on the main stem of the Ganga is 2,953 MLD against the available treatment capacity of 1,584 MLD.
  • The total sewage generated from major towns/cities in the catchment of the Yamuna is 5,236 MLD, whereas the treatment capacity developed is 3,805 MLD.
  • Out of the total100 sewage treatment projects, 43 projects are old ones of which 17 have been completed with treatment capacity of 259 MLD.
  • 57 are new initiatives are yet to start.

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